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Iran Transportations


Iran had 179,388 km of roads in 2003, of which 120,782 km were paved, including 878 km of expressways. A1, a major paved highway, runs from Bazargan on the Turkish border to the border with Afghanistan. Another major highway, A2, runs from the Iraqi border to the Pakistani border. Much of the revolutionary government's road-building activity has centred on improving roads in rural areas. In 2000 there were over 1,139,500 passenger cars and 384,900 commercial vehicles.

In 2006, the state-owned Iranian State Railway has 8,367 km of track. The main line runs south for 1,392 km from Bandar Turkoman on the Caspian Sea, through Tehran, to Bandar-e Khomeini on the Persian Gulf. Rail construction from Bafq to Sirjan has been completed and is operational.

Iran's main port at Khorramshahr on the Persian Gulf, as well as the port at Abadan, were largely destroyed in fighting during the 1980-88 war with Iraq. Khorramshahr is in limited operation since November 1992. Other ports on the Gulf are Bandar-e Khomeini, Bandar 'Abbas, and Bushehr. Both Bandar-e Khomeini and Bushehr were damaged because of the war. The government is continuing the previous regime's program to modernise the port at Bandar 'Abbas. On the Caspian Sea, there are the ports of Bandar Anzeli (formerly Bandar Pahlavi), and Naushahr. In addition, there are the oil shipment ports of Kharg Island (a principal target in the war with Iraq) and Abadan. There are 850 km of waterways. The principal inland waterways are Lake Orumieh and the Karun River. The Shatt al Arab is usually navigable by maritime traffic for about 130 km (81 mi). In 2007, the Iranian merchant marine included 131 vessels of at least 1,000 GRT, with a total capacity of 4,721,202 GRT.

Iran had 331 airports in 2007, 129 of which had paved runways. Principal airports include Bandar 'Abbas, Mehrabad International at Tehran, and Shiraz International at Shiraz. The state-owned Iran Air maintains frequent service to 15 cities in Iran and is an international carrier. In 2001, 9,317,900 passengers were carried on scheduled domestic and international flights.


331 (2007)

Airports - with paved runways
total: 129
over 3,047 m: 40
2,438 to 3,047 m: 28
1,524 to 2,437 m: 24
914 to 1,523 m: 32
under 914 m: 5 (2007)

Airports - with unpaved runways
total: 202
over 3,047 m: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 10
914 to 1,523 m: 145
under 914 m: 46 (2007)

14 (2007)

condensate 7 km; condensate/gas 397 km; gas 19,161 km; liquid petroleum gas 570 km; oil 8,438 km; refined products 7,936 km (2007)

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